Three studies investigated the effects of dysphoric rumination on concentration during 3 academic tasks—reading a passage from the GRE (Study 1), watching a videotaped lecture (Study 2), and proofreading written text (Study 3). Nike Christchurch Before performing these tasks, dysphoric and nondysphoric students were induced either to ruminate about themselves or to distract themselves by focusing on neutral images (all three studies) or by planning an event (Study 1). The results supported our hypothesis that dysphoric rumination, relative to distraction, would impair students’ concentration. In all 3 studies, dysphoric ruminators reported difficulty concentrating, as well as interfering thoughts, during the relevant academic tasks. Furthermore, dysphoric ruminators were slower than dysphoric distractors… in completing the tasks—specifically, reading the GRE passage (Study 1) and answering lecture comprehension questions (Study 2). In addition, dysphoric participants who ruminated showed impaired reading strategies (Study 1), reduced comprehension of academic material (Study 2), and poor proofreading performance (Study 3). Nike Air Max 2017 Nz These findings suggest that, in addition to its documented adverse effects on mood, thinking, and problem-solving, self-focused rumination interferes with instrumental behavior. Implications for social relationships and job performance are discussed.
The usefulness and the limitations of panoramic radiography for the diagnosis of temporomandibular (TM) disorders were evaluated. Nike Air Max 2017 New Zealand The condylar shape appearance and the osseous changes were evaluated in asymptomatic 150 subjects (control subjects) and in 142 patients with the TM disorders who were examined by panoramic radiography. The position of the flattening and the osseous changes including osteophyte, bone erosion and osteosclerosis were objectively analyzed to determine the condylar shape. The incidence of the composite flattening type, which exhibits flattening on both the anterior and on other surfaces, was three times higher in the TM patients compared to controls. Thus, this composite type may indicate the presence of TM disorders. The incidence of osseous changes in the… patients with TM disorders was significantly higher than controls and increased further in the group with the permolar and/or molar missing. Nike Air Max 2017 Mens Nz This suggests that the occlusion of molar, teeth is an important factor related to the development of the TM disorders. It was concluded that panoramic radiography was useful for detecting TM disorders, at least in those with osseous changes or flattening.
To study the effect of biogas production with a single component in the waste, the phenomena of biogas production with the groups of fat powder, Nike Air Max 2017 cellulose powder and protein powder inoculated respectively in activated sludge from Liu Minying biomass pool and Xiao Hongmen Sewage Plant were observed simultaneously. Six reactors in total were settled. Gas production and the component of the biogas were monitored by GC everyday. Three single materials and the sludge were inspected with infrared spectrometer from the beginning of the installment of the reactors. The results of the experiments show that cellulose powder has the best ability on the respect of methane production, and fat powder is worse than cellulose powder but better than protein powder. On the respect of hydrogen production,… protein powder is the best and the other two materials produce gas without hydrogen at all. Nike Air Max 2017 Black Compared with sludge from the two different origins, sludge from Liu Minying biomass pool is better both on methane and hydrogen production. The difference of sludge FTIR figures between Liu Minying biomass pool and Xiao Hongmen Sewage Plant can explain this to some degree.